A learning disability is a permanent condition. It affects a person’s ability to understand information, learn new skills or communicate. It can also affect how they manage daily living. A learning disability can be genetic. It could be due to illness or physical damage to brain development either before or during birth or as a young child.
Learning disabilities can be mild, moderate or severe. Some people with learning disabilities may also have other needs. Other needs may arise from physical disabilities, long-term health conditions, autism or mental health.
A diagnosis is the formal identification of Learning Disability. This is by a health professional such as a clinical psychologist. Having a diagnosis may be helpful for 2 reasons:
Please contact your GP if you would like more information or help with a diagnosis.
People with learning disabilities will need health care in the same way as everyone else. Some people with a learning disability will have additional health needs. For example, people with a learning disability are more likely to have epilepsy. They may need more support to understand information about their health. They may need help to communicate symptoms and concerns and to manage their health.
There are simple things all health workers can do to make sure that people with a learning disability get the health care they need:
The EasyHealth website has over 500 leaflets, and some videos, about physical and mental health for people with learning disabilities It also includes easy read information that health professionals can use. This will help them to help explain health issues and treatments to patients with a learning disability.
Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust runs learning disability services in Hampshire.
It is estimated that 40% of adults with a learning disability also have a mental health problem. Mencap can offer information and advice about mental health issues.
Anxiety UK provides information and advice to anyone suffering from anxiety, or their families or carers.
An advocate is a person who supports and helps you to explain things. An advocate helps you say what you want if you find it difficult to do by yourself.
Advocates can help you:
Finding an advocate for yourself or someone you know
You may be looking for community advocacy or person centred planning. Visit the Hampshire Regional Advocacy Group website. You can look for an advocacy group in your area.
See the information in our Protecting adults at risk section.
Hampshire Safeguarding Adults Board (HSAB) has a website. This has useful information for people who may experience or be at risk of experiencing abuse, their families and carers. This includes easy read guidance about keeping safe. and mate crime.
A hate crime is when someone commits a crime against you because of your disability, gender identity, race, sexual orientation, religion, or any other perceived difference. Mate crime is the exploitation, abuse or theft from any vulnerable person by those they consider to be their friends. Those that commit such abuse or theft are often referred to as 'fake friends'. Mate crime is most prevalent when the victim has a mental disability and is especially common when that disability is Autism or Asperger’s.
BILD has information about friendships and relationships, including sexual relationships, to support people to have a great life.
FPA provides specialist sexual health services for people with learning disabilities.
Disability, Pregnancy & Parenthood, a user-led registered charity, promotes better awareness and support for deaf and disabled people during pregnancy and as parents.
Hampshire Trading Standards produces the Making money matter pack. This contains important information about consumer rights for people with a learning disability.
Telecare is a monitoring and alert system that can help to support people who wish to remain independent in their own homes and even when they are out in the community. It provides them, their carers, family and friends, with the reassurance that help is available to them in an emergency 24 hours a day seven days a week. Telecare solutions are increasingly being used to help adults with learning disabilities.
For more information, see our telecare information.
See our LD events
Search our Community directory for local groups, services and activities for people with a learning disability (select 'Specific needs' and then 'Learning disabilities'.
The British Institute of Learning Disabilities works with people and their families to help them get the support they need to lead their own lives.
The Down's Syndrome Association helps people with Down’s Syndrome as well as their families and carers.
Hampshire County Council provides services for people with learning disabilities who are eligible. People with a learning disability can register as disabled with Hampshire County Council.
Young people in transition from Children's Services are supported by the Independent Futures Team.
You can use this form to register any query or complaint you may have about this website or any of the content within it. Simply fill in the details below and this will be sent directly to us to investigate. We will always try and respond within one working day.
Page Reference: Learning Disabilities